As a casual or die-hard coffee fan, you may have come across these words when preparing coffee: Single Origin, Nanolot, and Microlot. Maybe many of us simply ignore the names and titles on the products, but it can be said that these titles are not less important when it comes to coffee.
Lot in the term refers to a share, piece or part of a whole.
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Single Origin coffee, Single Estate and Single Farm
Single Origin is a small title with many concepts and meaning. Its meaning is usually summarized as follows: the amount of coffee that is sourced from only one producer, crop or geographical location in a country.
Titles such as Single Farm and Single Estate mean that the coffee is produced from a single farm, mill, or cooperative company. Typically, information related to where these farms or factories are located, the type of lot, the paddock the coffee is grown in, and more can be found on the packaging or on the coffee supplier’s website.
The most important thing about single origin coffee is traceability, in fact knowing where the coffee you buy comes from, is made from a specific type of coffee, or is a combination of two or more different types of coffee.
What experience has shown is that coffee usually has a higher quality if it is made from only one source. This category of products represents the coffee grown in a region and can fully convey its original and unique features to its audience.
It can be said that tasting a cup of single origin coffee means tasting the taste of life in a region or country. Considering all the factors that have been mentioned, you can understand why coffee lovers love Single Origin and by drinking its varieties, they experience a deeper feeling along with a higher quality.
Microlot coffee is obtained from a specific plot of land in a farm or in some cases from very small coffee farms. When coffee is grown and processed on such a small scale, its costs naturally increase and affect the final price of the product.
This is the reason why microlot coffees are of excellent quality. Microlot coffee usually has a score between 87 and 89 and the total volume after cultivation reaches 40 bags of 60 kg (2.5 tons).
You can almost understand the story behind this type of coffee from the name of Nanolot. Nanolot is very similar to microlot, but in smaller dimensions. Nanolots usually get a score higher than 90 after passing quality measurement systems, and the total volume after cultivation reaches only two 60 kg (120 kg) bags. So, naturally, those types of nanolot coffee have a higher price than other types of coffee.
Increasing popularity of single origin coffee
The increase in popularity of single origin coffee is so much that this combination of words has entered the official vocabulary and it is enough for us to understand how much this type of coffee has found its fans in the world. Also, methods such as Pour Over and AeroPress are usually used to brew this type of coffee, and the number of coffee shops and people who turn to these methods for brewing single origin coffee is increasing day by day. adds.
Jeremy Torz, the founder and executive director of Union Hand-Roasted Coffee Company, says about this: “These days, single origin coffee has set its foot in the world of coffee, along with the focus offered by all coffee shops, which is espresso coffee. Along with the advancing coffee industry and baristas, it presents itself to its audience with a mixture of creativity and innovation, and it is not surprising that it forms part of the meaning of coffee in the 21st century.”
Also, Andrew Hetzel from CafeMakers Coffee Consultants explains that: “The knowledgeable coffee consumers I’ve met are always looking for information about it. Helping to understand and communicate with the different flavors and emotions resulting from a good cup of coffee makes even those coffee audiences who do not look at this drink professionally understand the whole story of coffee from the land, the farm, the people, the climate, the culture. Pay attention to the roasting and brewing process while drinking your cup of coffee.
Changes resulting from increased demand for single origin coffee
Here we want to check how the increase in demand and popularity of single origin has affected the production of this type of coffee. It is quite clear that in any field, the increase in demand can bring small or major changes. The high demand for single origin coffee has led to changes in the methods used by farmers to grow coffee varieties.
A number of farmers are expanding and improving their methods to achieve the best product quality so that they can respond to the emerging demand. These include conducting experimental tests, controlling the product from the time of planting and during the growth stages, determining the best harvest time, techniques used and processing methods.
Increasing the quality of coffee due to direct sales
All these things could not exist without the direct sale of coffee. Today, we can see better and wider communication between roasters and farmers, which increases the quality of coffee. Producers count on rappers to inform them about market trends, and rappers are always looking for a new original single to showcase.
With the passage of time, Single Origin has always strengthened and expanded its position in the market, and the knowledge of roasters and buyers of green coffee beans about it has increased. In fact, we are moving towards a direction where there is no more nameless seeds without proper information about their characteristics in the market.
Growers, buyers, and roasters at farms, sometimes up to 100 coffees per day, compare their processing profiles and cupping sheets – while both the information and the coffee are used for sale. All this process ends up benefiting the consumers of this valuable drink.
In fact, coffee producers and roasters are not the only ones involved in this. An informed consumer knows all the efforts made to produce a quality coffee, and the final consumer’s appreciation for this quality makes all the people in this industry feel the financial and spiritual support of their audience and their increasing efforts. to create a better experience.
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How is the quality of Single Origin coffee measured?
As we mentioned above, single origin usually equates to quality coffee and this is dependent on direct sales, which leads to both quality and availability issues associated with specialty coffee. Coffee) to increase continuously. But how can you know the quality of a single origin coffee?
Well, this point is where the industrial quality measurement system (industry evaluation systems) comes into play! These systems used all over the world measure the quality of coffee and determine how much quality each of the items such as single origin, microlot and nanolot provide.
These systems not only guide consumers in buying a suitable coffee, but also encourage producers to produce higher quality coffee beans. While producers and roasters use these systems for their marketing, producing the best quality coffee can also bring them significant financial rewards.
The three general systems used are:
Cup of Excellence
In fact, the Cup of Excellence is the name of a competition with a very high quality level, in which various types of coffee lattes, which are sometimes rare examples, compete with each other to be used in the specialty industry.
Coffee Quality Institute Q
In short, it is a system that adheres to the rules provided by the SCAA standards and assessments at the producer and farm level related to quality Arabica, Robusta and Blend coffees.
It can be said that it is very valuable, practical and important for restaurants and retail stores. Arguably the most widely read and influential coffee buying guide in the world, it reviews and reviews roast profiles.
But how do they judge the quality of coffee? These systems are trying to be able to determine their quality through cupping with eyes closed, away from any possible prejudices about the types of coffee, and assign a score of up to 100 to each of them. Obviously, indicators and metrics will vary somewhat in different systems, but it’s good to know that they use descriptive categories for this.
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This article was prepared by an expert. But this is for general information only. Before any action, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
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