After water, tea is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. Assam tea is a special type of black tea that has gained many fans due to its great taste and many properties. Now we will examine the properties and side effects and how to brew Assam tea.
What is Assam tea?
Assam tea is a type of black tea made from the leaves of Camellia sinensis var. The main habitat of this plant is in the eastern part of India. These states are one of the largest tea producing regions in the world.
Read more: benefits of black tea
Assam tea is often sold as a breakfast tea due to its high and natural caffeine content. Irish and English teas are also made from the combination of Assam with other types of tea.
Assam tea has a lot of flavor and this feature makes it different from other teas consumed in the world.
This great taste is due to the unique production process of the tea. In this process, after the fresh leaves of Assam tea are harvested and dried, they are exposed to oxygen for a certain period of time under the oxidation process or the fermentation process.
This process causes chemical changes in the leaves of the plant and leads to the creation of a unique taste, color and herbal compounds full of properties in it. These characteristics are the main characteristics of Assam tea.
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Benefits of Assam tea
Researches have shown that the presence of various herbal compounds in this tea may improve the health of the body in several ways. Some of the most important properties that have been discovered for this tea are:
1. Assam tea has antioxidants
Your body naturally produces a highly reactive chemical called a free radical. When the level of these substances in the body increases, tissues may be damaged and disease and aging may come to you faster.
Antioxidants in black tea can neutralize the negative effects of free radicals, protect body cells and reduce inflammation. Many experts believe that these plant compounds are responsible for the many properties that black tea has for the body.
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2. Assam tea promotes heart health
Some animal studies have also shown that polyphenolic compounds in black tea may help reduce cholesterol and prevent plaque formation in blood vessels.
However, human studies have provided conflicting results. Several studies have been able to prove a strong relationship between daily consumption of 3 to 6 cups (710 to 1,420 ml) of black tea and a reduced risk of heart disease.
But some studies have shown that there is no relationship between these two factors.
Finally, more research is needed to understand how black teas like Assam tea affect heart health.
3. Strengthen the immune system with Assam tea
Early research has shown that the polyphenolic compounds in black tea may act like prebiotics in your digestive system.
Prebiotics are compounds found in various foods that support the growth and protection of healthy bacteria in the gut.
The presence of healthy bacteria in the gut is one of the most important factors that affect the health of the immune system. Because these bacteria fight against harmful bacteria that cause disease.
It should be said that there is not enough evidence about the connection between black tea consumption and strengthening the immune system, and more research should be done to prove this claim.
4. Assam tea has anti-cancer effects in the body
Numerous laboratory and animal studies have shown that various compounds in Assam tea may inhibit the growth and spread of cancer cells.
In addition, some human studies have also been able to prove a link between black tea consumption and the risk of certain cancers, including skin and lung cancer.
Although these data are promising, extensive research in human studies is needed to confirm them.
In fact, to determine whether black tea can be used to prevent or treat cancer? We have to do a lot of research.
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5. Assam tea promotes brain health
Preliminary research has shown that there are certain compounds such as theoflavin in Assam tea that may act as a therapeutic or preventive method for degenerative brain diseases in the body.
A recent laboratory study showed that compounds in black tea inhibit the activity of some enzymes that are responsible for Alzheimer’s disease.
Although these results are promising, this research is the first in this field. To better understand the effect of black tea in supporting brain function, we need to do more research.
Side effects of Assam tea
Although Assam tea is a healthy and beneficial drink for many people, it may not be suitable for everyone. Some of the most important side effects it may cause to the body are:
1.Increasing the amount of caffeine in the body
Assam tea contains a lot of caffeine. As you know, caffeine is a type of stimulant. The exact amount of caffeine in 1 cup (240 ml) of Assam tea depends on how long it takes to brew the tea.
But in this amount of tea, usually between 60 and 112 mg of caffeine, in order to have a correct standard for comparison, it is enough to know that 1 cup (240 ml) of coffee has about 100 to 150 mg of caffeine.
For most people, consuming more than 400 mg of caffeine per day has no side effects. But it is said that excessive consumption of caffeine can lead to negative symptoms such as increased heart rate, anxiety and insomnia.
If you are pregnant, it is recommended that you limit your caffeine intake to a maximum of 200 mg per day. If in doubt about how much caffeine you should be consuming, talk to your doctor before adding Assam tea to your diet.
2. Decreased iron absorption
Assam tea may reduce iron absorption due to its high tannin content. This combination is responsible for creating the natural and bitter taste of tea.
Some studies have shown that tannin binds to iron in food and prevents its absorption. This reaction has a much greater effect on the absorption of iron in plant products than animal sources of iron.
Of course, reduced iron absorption is not a problem for most people, but it may be recommended for people with low iron levels to avoid black tea with food or take iron supplements.
3. supply of heavy metals to the body
Tea often contains heavy metals such as aluminum. Although the amount of this substance in different teas is very variable. Excessive aluminum intake can contribute to decreased bone density and nerve damage, especially in people with kidney disease.
However, consumption of Assam tea is generally not associated with aluminum poisoning. It is not known exactly how much aluminum is absorbed by the body when drinking tea, but as a precaution, it is best to avoid consuming too much Assam tea.
Read more: side effects of tea
The method of brewing Assam tea
Preparing and brewing Assam tea is very simple. All you need is some tea, hot water and a teapot.
Moreover, Assam tea is relatively cheap and readily available. You can get this tea from grocery stores.
You just need to make sure that you buy a quality brand. Because the higher the quality of the brand, usually the concentration of its beneficial compounds is higher.
To brew dried Assam tea leaves, pour about 1 teaspoon (15 grams) of tea into 8 ounces (240 mL) of cold water. First, bring the water to the boiling point and let it boil for 10-20 seconds.
Then turn off the gas and let it remain closed in the teapot for 2 minutes.
Be careful not to over-boil the tea because boiling it will make the tea taste bitter.
To benefit from more properties, consume Assam tea without any additives. If you prefer a sweeter taste, add a little milk or sugar, just be careful not to use artificial sweeteners.
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This article was prepared by an expert. But this is for general information only. Before any action, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
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